Friday, May 22, 2020

Is Identity Manipulative Analysis of Corliss and Harlan...

Can identity be a sharp weapon to overcome restrictions and oppression. Jose Munoz, a former perfomance studies professor at NYU argued in his article The White to Be Angry that identity is manipulative. According to Munoz, the manipulation of identity is called disidenticaction. Instead of rejecting society or a group whole sale, someone who disidentifies accepts some aspects of that society or group without assimilating to the dominant ideals. People, especially in minority groups, developed disdentifciation as an offensive mechanism because it allowed them to function within that group or society without becoming trapped. Munozs theory provides a powerful analytical lens which I will use to evaluate the characters Corliss and Harlan†¦show more content†¦Since Corliss rarely found comfort from her family and friends, and never found it in God, but continued to want it and never stopped asking for it, then maybe she was also a Jesuit priest who found it in poetry. (pg. 14) How could she tell the family that she didnt belong with them, that she was destined for something larger, that she believed she was supposed to be eccentric and powerful and all alone in the world? (pg. 14-15) 2. Corliss rejects assimilation into the Indian culture because they have assimilated into white society. She portrays Indians as helpless when they stand in line and allow the government to document their entire lives. The Indians behavior is what Munoz would call identification because the Indians are under the states control and ideal. Nor does Corliss agree with her father and uncles attitude of letting the women fight their battles since it is a patriarchal society in America. She likes the fact they find her intelligent, yet do not see the value in poetry which she so loves. She loved how they filled a room with their laughter and rank of male bodies and endless nostalgia and quick tempers, but she hated their individual fears and collective lack of ambition. They all worked blue-collar construction jobs, not because they loved the good work or found it valuable or rewarding, but because some teacher or guidance counselor told them

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Successful Aging Among Older Adults Essay - 1976 Words

Successful Aging Among Older Adults Nicole Clark December 11,2016 In 1990, there were 31.2 million people over the age of 65. (U. S. Census Bureau, 2000). There were 35 million people over 65 in the United States in 2000. This represents a 12 percent increase in only 10 years. The population of people over 65 years of age for 2007 reached 38 million people. With the baby boomers now in the category of 65 and over. The â€Å"boomer generation† will continue to swell the proportion of Americans over age 65 from now through the year 2050 at which time the older population will then begin to shrink (Longino Bradley, 2005). There is not one image of an elder in the United States. The older population is heterogeneous. There is considerable sociocultural, socioeconomic and demographic diversity in our elders (U. S. Census Bureau, 2000). Persons of minority descent, including Hispanic Whites, accounted for about 16% of the U.S. population in 2000 (Longino Bradley, 2005). Hispanic-Americans and Asian-Americans are the fastest growing segment of the minority aging population (Longino Bradley, 2005). Factors such as age cohort, gender, ethnicity and cultural background, sexual orientation, rural or urban living environment, education, religion and current and historical living situation are all pertinent to the study of elders in the United States. Successful Aging Theorists and researchers are exploring the subjective feeling of well-being elders often reportShow MoreRelatedSuccessful Aging Among Assisted Living Community Older Adults518 Words   |  2 PagesSuccessful Aging Among Assisted Living Community Older Adults Kozar-Wsteman, Troutman-Jordan(2013) conducted a quantitative study to investigate the suitability of using the successful aging inventory (SAI) in an effort to describe successful aging among older adults currently living in assisted living communities (AL) and to further assess characteristics of successful aging. Kozar-Westman, Troutman-Jordan (2013) also wanted to determine psychometric properties of the SAI when administeredRead MoreThe Aging Process For The Older Adults Essay1587 Words   |  7 Pages Successful Aging Paper Albatul Albulayhi University of the Incarnate Word â€Æ' Successful Aging Paper Aging is inevitable; as people age in the second half of life, the body often faces some challenges mentally and physically. Aging was defined by Robert Arking (1998), as a â€Å" Time-dependent series of cumulative, progressive, intrinsic, and harmful changes that begin to manifest at reproductive maturity and eventually end in death† (p. 520). The aging process for the older adults is influenced byRead MoreA Research Study On Successful Aging919 Words   |  4 PagesSuccessful aging is a complicated and multifaceted concept that varies contextually among individuals, disciplines, and even time. Gerontologists have traditionally considered a person to have aged successfully upon having reached old age with their physical health, mental well-being and spirit still intact. Ultimately, successful aging is a matter of personal perspective, largely influenced by an individual s values and experiences. Even those within America s elderly population hold conflictingRead MoreSociolo gical Aging : A Sociological Perspective Essay902 Words   |  4 PagesSociological Aging Social aging is referring to the changes in individual’s roles and relationship in the society as they age. There are many different theories concerning sociological aging. Social theories on aging examine the relationship between individual experiences and social institutions e.g., aging and retirement; aging and institutional care; aging and government policy etc (Barkan 2012). All have limitations, and some can be considered more than others when attempting to understand socialRead MoreIntroduction Of Late Adulthood And Retirement1659 Words   |  7 Pageschildhood, adolescence, early adulthood and late adulthood. Those different stages of development present characteristics which are particular to each stage. The last decade had seen an increase with people age sixty and above. Consequently, this aging population has significant effects on many aspect of society. Life expectancy which was of 50 years in the 19th century had tremendously increase. Indeed the factors contr ibuting to the longevity include; public health measure to many factors suchRead MoreTheory of Successful Aging1648 Words   |  7 PagesTheory Of Successful Aging INTERNAL CRITICISM Adequacy: The Flood’s Theory of Successful Aging (Flood, 2005) was developed to addresses a nursing theory for care of the older adult regarding to the lack of nursing theory that offers clearly delineated guidelines for care of aging. Flood’s(2002) unique definition of successful aging among other explanations includes mental, physical, and spiritual elements of the aging person and emphasizing the individuals self appraisal. She used existing knowledgeRead MoreAging Of Aging And Aging Essay1652 Words   |  7 PagesAs aging is a stage of development that cannot prevented, the question of â€Å"can one’s aging be more successful than another?† is posed my many. Researchers continually consider the differences between aging successfully, and aging unsuccessfully. As researchers work to complete their studies, many find a reoccurring basis of successful aging. A basis of successful aging can be set including: physical health disease free, chronic illnes s free, mental health disease free, among many others. TheRead MoreSupporting the Elderly Essay797 Words   |  4 PagesAs adults the transition into old age can be difficult for some people. Frustration, lack of responsibility and dependence can make the process of aging undesirable. Old age should be viewed as another phase of life, but not the end of life. In order to help elderly cope with aging it is important for them to have social interaction. Support from family, friends and the local community can make a difference in the psychological well being of older adults. There is great concern for the increasingRead MoreElder Protection And Abuse Prevention Act807 Words   |  4 Pagesprocess. The purpose of this bill is â€Å"to amend the Older American Act of 1965 to authorize federal assistance to state protective services programs, and for other purposes† (, 2016, para. 2). Since, the bill was just introduced to the Senate, the chance of its successful enactment into law and implementation is 0%. Background and Significance of the Issue Elder abuse is a serious problem and almost 14.1 percent of noninstutionalized older adults in the United States have experience it in theRead MoreCognitive Disorders1753 Words   |  7 Pagesemotionally, mentally, and or physically taxing. Childhood abuse also may lead someone to depression. Research indicates childhood abuse, especially prolonged abuse, generates high rates of abuse in the victims. A common treatment method proven to be successful is cognitive behavior therapy. It works by helping people comprehend their thoughts, feelings and behaviors, making them realize they can change and better themselves. Social causes normally are linked to a present and significant traumatic life

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Phloem and Principal Water-conducting Elements Free Essays

Exercise 4 (Histology) 1. 1 Give at least three distinguishing features of these groups of cells. Apical meristems have the following features: (1) a â€Å"border† of cells; (2) they follow order or shape; and (3) some cells are darker (indicating that they undergo mitosis). We will write a custom essay sample on Phloem and Principal Water-conducting Elements or any similar topic only for you Order Now 2. 1 Identify the tissue. The tissue is a vascular cambium. 4. 5 (? ) Is the epidermis uniseriate or multiseriate? In the cross section of a young root of Helianthus, the epidermis is uniseriate. 6. 1 What do you call the outgrowths of the epidermis? These are called trichomes. 6. 2 What is their function? They function mainly for support and protection of the leaf or stem which contains the epidermis. 6. 3 Classify the types of epidermal outgrowths in the above plants. bristle| scale| simple hair| glandular| branching| stellate| 7. 1 Draw and identify the tracheary elements. reticulate| annular| pitted| scalariform| helical| 8. 1 Differentiate the sieve tubes from the companion cells. The sieve tubes in the phloem are composed of long, narrow cells which lack a nucleus, ribosomes, and some other cellular components; they transport sugars and other organic nutrients. Companion cells have nuclei and ribosomes that also serve the sieve-tube cells but do not themselves take part in conduction. 8. 2 What are the principal water-conducting elements of the xylem? The two principal water-conducting elements of the xylem are the tracheids and the vessel elements. 9. (Table 4. 1) Specimen| Tissue| Cell Types| Characteristic(s)| Function(s)| Cassava pith| | | | | Tomato fruit pulp| | | | | Spanish flag petiole| | | | | Lotus peduncle| | | | | Celery petiole| | | | | Coleus petiole| | | | | Mung bean seed coat| | | | | Peanut pericarp| | | | | Pineapple leaf| | | | | Others| | | | | How to cite Phloem and Principal Water-conducting Elements, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Macbeth a Critical Shakespearean Play Essay Sample free essay sample

Macbeth Probably composed in late 1606 or early 1607. Macbeth is the last of Shakespeare’s four great calamities. the others being Hamlet. King Lear and Othello. It is a comparatively short drama without a major subplot. and it is considered by many bookmans to be Shakespeare’s darkest work. Lear is an arrant calamity in which the natural universe is immorally apathetic toward world. but in Macbeth. Shakespeare adds a supernatural dimension that purposively conspires against Macbeth and his land. In the calamity of Lear. the overwrought male monarch biddings the goddess of Chaos. Hecht ; in Macbeth. Hecate appears as an existent character. On the degree of human immorality. Shakespeare’s Scots calamity is about Macbeth’s bloody rise to power. including the slaying of the Scots male monarch. Duncan. and the guilt-ridden pathology of evil workss bring forthing still more evil workss. As an built-in portion of this thematic web is the play’s most memorable character. We will write a custom essay sample on Macbeth a Critical Shakespearean Play Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Lady Macbeth. Like her hubby. Lady Macbeth’s aspiration for power leads her into an unnatural. surreal kingdom of witchery. insomnia and lunacy. But while Macbeth responds to the prognostications of the play’s celebrated three of enchantresss. Lady Macbeth goes even farther by figuratively transforming herself into an unnatural. desexualized evil spirit. The current tendency of critical sentiment is toward an upward reevaluation of Lady Macbeth. who is said to be dehumanized by her insanity and her self-destruction. Much of this revaluation of Lady Macbeth has taken topographic point in treatments of her ironically strong matrimony to Macbeth. a brotherhood that rests on loving bonds but undergoes decomposition as the calamity unfolds. Introduction Macbeth is a drama written by William Shakespeare. It is considered one of his darkest and most powerful calamities. Set in Scotland. the drama dramatizes the eating psychological and political effects produced when its supporter. the Scots Godhead Macbeth. chooses evil as the manner to carry through his aspiration for power. He commits regicide to go male monarch and so furthers his moral descent with a reign of homicidal panic to remain in power. finally immersing the state into civil war. In the terminal. he loses everything that gives significance and intent to his life before losing his life itself. Macbeth is Shakespeare’s shortest calamity. and tells the narrative of a courageous Scottish general named Macbeth who receives a prognostication from a three of enchantresss that one twenty-four hours he will go King of Scotland. Consumed by aspiration and spurred to action by his married woman. Macbeth slayings King Duncan and takes the throne for himself. His reign is racked with guilt and paranoia. and he shortly becomes a oppressive swayer as he is forced to perpetrate more and more slayings to protect himself from hostility and intuition. The bloodletting fleetly takes Macbeth and Lady Macbeth into kingdom of haughtiness. lunacy. and decease. Shakespeare’s beginning for the calamity are the histories of King Macbeth of Scotland. Macduff. and Duncan in Holinshed’s Chronicles ( 1587 ) . a history of England. Scotland and Ireland familiar to Shakespeare and his coevalss. However. the drama bears small relation to existent events in Scots history. as the histor ical Macbeth was an admired and able sovereign. Literature Review Based on the research of â€Å"Macbeth† immense critical analysis and unfavorable judgment was published many diaries in the universe which is really helpful for fixing this research paper. Several books written by Dr. S. Sen. Experienced writer of friends book corner in Bangladesh. drops notes. Macbeth’s Bengali translate book by khurrom Hossain etc. remain helpful for the portion of that survey. On the other manus the different literary web sites of cyberspace are besides helpful in this respect. Hypothesis William Shakespeare ( 1564–1616 ) is by and large considered to be the greatest dramatist and poet that has of all time lived. His entreaty is cosmopolitan and his plants have been translated. read. and analyzed throughout the universe. Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets. many verse forms. and 37 dramas which have been grouped into comedies. histories. and calamities. Shakespeare’s plays unite natural human struggle with dramatic genius bring forthing amusement that entreaties to the audiences of today every bit good as the audiences for which they were written. Shakespeare understood human nature. and he created characters that portrayed human calamity and human comedy. Some of his characters were antic and unworldly. yet they brought to the phase the truth that mere persons could non. We will happen out from that survey Macbeth tragic autumn high aspiration. why a great hero autumn down. women’s function for fall down etc. Methodology To develop this hypothesis. the primary thought is found from the survey on English drama of Macbeth in the different class of the awards and Masterss level course of studies and from different critical surveies on William Shakespeare of Elizabethan age. After the development of the hypothesis to fix the research paper. the planned manner will rush to bring forth the concluding thesis paper. In fact. the lone helpful method will be ‘Observation Method’ for this research occupation. By utilizing this method. the research worker will travel through different literature articles. critical composings. and websites to happen related survey stuffs. in order to be acknowledged in the related subjects and will besides roll up critical diaries from different libraries to hold specialized information on both the authors and compose the thesis paper in a more believable manner. Discussion The drama begins on an unfastened stretch of land in mediaeval Scotland. Three Witches enter and give the prognostication that the civil war will stop that twenty-four hours and that at sundown they will run into Macbeth. The Enchantresss are summoned to go forth. but they do non go forth without saying that what is usually â€Å"fair† will be â€Å"foul. † and what is â€Å"foul† will be â€Å"fair. † King Duncan learns that Macbeth has been winning and has defeated MacDonald. The Thane of Cawdor has betrayed Duncan and is accused of being a treasonist. Duncan orders the Thane of Cawdor’s executing and announces that Macbeth will have the rubric of Thane of Cawdor. Macbeth and Banquo leave the battleground and run into the Witches. The Witches province the prognostication that Macbeth will be Thane of Cawdor and male monarch and that Banquo will be the male parent of male monarchs. but non king himself. Macbeth has been winning on the battleground and the war is at an end—to what illustriousness should he now draw a bead on? The Witches spark the ambitious nature in Macbeth. as he knows his rise to power would greatly be enhanced by being named Thane of Cawdor. After the Witches vanish. Ross and Angus arrive and announce that Macbeth has been named Thane of Cawdor. Banquo is disbelieving of the Witches. but Macbeth. driven by a desire for power. considers killing Duncan to derive the Crown. Macbeth is overwhelmed by the image. yet his desire for power is still present. as stated in a missive he sends to Lady Macbeth. Lady Macbeth encourages Macbeth to move on his ideas. stating him that she will steer and back up his program to kill King Duncan. While Duncan is sing Inverness. Macbeth’s palace. Macbeth kills Duncan as he sleeps. After the slaying is discovered. Macbeth kills the retainers. whom he accuses of Duncan’s slaying. Duncan’s boies. fearing for their ain lives. flee Scotland. Macbeth is crowned king. Banquo raises intuitions that Macbeth killed Duncan. Macbeth hires two work forces to kill Banquo and his boy Fleance. whom Macbeth frights will go male monarch. as the Witches foretold. Banquo is killed. but Fleance flights. The Witches conjure a enchantment. and Apparitions reveal to Macbeth three prognostications that will impact his hereafter. He is told to mind of Macduff. that no adult male born of adult female can harm him. and he will non be conquered until the wood at Birnam Marches to Dunsinane. Macbeth is besides shown a emanation of male monarchs with the last male monarch looking in a mirror—the contemplation is that of Banquo. Macbeth orders Macduff’s household to be murdered and leaves for England to face Macduff. When Macduff hears of the slaughter of his household. he vows to seek retaliation on Macbeth. He joins Malcolm in his pursuit to force out Macbeth. The ground forces returns in disguise by transporting a subdivision from Birnam Wood into conflict. Alarmed by this. Macbeth fears the Witches’ prognostication will come true. Macbeth is told of Lady Macbeth’s decease by her ain custodies. and he laments the nature of his life. Macbeth battles Macduff. and M acbeth boasts that he can non be killed by any adult male Born of adult female. Macduff informs Macbeth that he was surgically removed from his mother’s uterus and therefore was non born of adult female. Macduff kills Macbeth in conflict and hails Malcolm as King of Scotland. Malcolm vows to reconstruct Scotland to a peaceable state. Macbeth: Historical Background Shakespeare’s Macbeth remains one of his most popular dramas. both for schoolroom survey and public presentation. and with good ground. Here we have the playwright’s shortest drama. but arguably his most intense. in footings both of its action and its portraiture of human relationships. The â€Å"butcher and his fiend-like queen† are among the most attractive scoundrels in phase history. and the profound psychological science with which Shakespeare imbues them is pleasurably enjoyable for theatre audience and pupil likewise. Macbeth was a existent male monarch of eleventh-century Scotland. whose history Shakespeare had read in several beginnings. chiefly the Chronicles of Holinshed. to which he referred for many of his other historical play. In Holinshed’s history. Banquo and Macbeth combine to kill King Duncan after winning his favour in a conflict against the Danes. The original narrative is full of fantastic inside informations that show the craft of the Scots and Macbeth. who slaughtered an full Danish ground forces non by beastly force. but by cunning: first blending a dormant potion and directing it. like the Trojan Equus caballus. as a gift to the enemy ground forces. Once they were asleep. Macbeth was able to kill them easy. Presumably from this incident. Shakespeare derived his thought of holding Lady Macbeth administer a kiping potion to the guards of King Duncan’s chamber. In Holinshed’s history. nevertheless. although we learn that Macbeth’s married woman is ambitious to go queen. Lady Macbeth does non have as an confederate. Alternatively. Banquo joins forces with Macbeth in killing Duncan. As we shall see subsequently. this peculiar Confederacy of liquidators presented Shakespeare with a job. Holinshed did non merely supply Shakespeare with a good narrative ; Macbeth contains many illustrations of imagination and linguistic communication that Shakespeare borrowed straight from his beginning. a pattern common to all authors. For illustration. compare these words of Holinshed with Shakespeare’s words. Findingss G. The Fall of ManThe ancient Grecian impression of calamity concerned the autumn of a great adult male. such as a male monarch. from a place of high quality to a place of humbleness on history of his ambitious pride. or hubris. To the Greeks. such haughtiness in human behaviour was punishable by awful retribution. The tragic hero was to be pitied in his fallen predicament but non needfully forgiven: Grecian calamity often has a black result. Christian play. on the other manus. ever offers a beam of hope ; hence. Macbeth ends with the enthronement of Malcolm. a new leader who exhibits all the right virtuousnesss for a male monarch. Macbeth exhibits elements that reflect the greatest Christian calamity of all: the Fall of Man. In the Genesis narrative. it is the failing of Adam. persuaded by his married woman ( who has in bend been seduced by the Satan ) which leads him to the proud premise that he can â€Å"play God. † But both narratives offer room for hope: Jesus will come t o salvage world exactly because world has made the incorrect pick through his ain free will. In Christian footings. although Macbeth has acted tyrannically. reprehensively. and sinfully. he is non wholly beyond salvation in Eden. H. Fortune. Fate. and Free Will Fortune is another word for opportunity. The ancient position of human personal businesss often referred to the â€Å"Wheel of Fortune. † harmonizing to which human life was something of a lottery. One could lift to the top of the wheel and bask the benefits of high quality. but merely for a piece. With an unpredictable swing up or down. one could every bit easy clang to the base of the wheel. Fate. on the other manus. is fixed. In a fatalistic existence. the length and result of one’s life ( destiny ) is predetermined by external forces. In Macbeth. the Witches represent this influence. The drama makes an of import differentiation: Destiny may order what will be. but how that destiny comes approximately is a affair of opportunity ( and. in a Christian universe such as Macbeth’s ) of man’s ain pick or free will. Although Macbeth is told he will go male monarch. he is non told how to accomplish the place of male monarch: that much is up to him. We can non f ault him for going male monarch ( it is his Destiny ) . but we can fault him for the manner in which he chooses to acquire at that place ( by his ain free will ) . I. Kingship and Natural Order Macbeth is set in a society in which the impression of award to one’s word and trueness to one’s higher-ups is absolute. At the top of this hierarchy is the male monarch. God’s representative on Earth. Other relationships besides depend on trueness: chumminess in warfare. cordial reception of host towards invitee. and the trueness between hubby and married woman. In this drama. all these basic social relationships are perverted or broken. Lady Macbeth’s domination over her hubby. Macbeth’s unreliable act of regicide. and his devastation of comradely and household bonds. all go against the natural order of things. The medieval and Renaissance position of the universe saw a relationship between order on Earth. the alleged microcosm. and order on the larger graduated table of the existence. or universe. Therefore. when Lennox and the Old Man talk of the terrorizing change in the natural order of the universe — storms. temblors. darkness at midda y. and so on — these are all contemplations of the breakage of the natural order that Macbeth has brought about in his ain microcosmic universe. J. Disruption of Nature Violent breaks in nature — storms. temblors. darkness at midday. and so on — parallel the unnatural and riotous decease of the sovereign Duncan. The medieval and Renaissance position of the universe saw a relationship between order on Earth. the alleged microcosm. and order on the larger graduated table of the existence. or universe. Therefore. when Lennox and the Old Man talk of the terrorizing change in the natural order of the existence ( nature ) . these are all contemplations of the breakage of the natural order that Macbeth has brought about in his ain microcosmic universe ( society ) . Many critics see the analogue between Duncan’s decease and upset in nature as an avowal of the Godhead right theory of kingship. As we witness in the drama. Macbeth’s slaying of Duncan and his continued tyranny extends the upset of the full state. K. Gender Roles Lady Macbeth is the focal point of much of the geographic expedition of gender functions in the drama. As Lady Macbeth propels her hubby toward perpetrating Duncan’s slaying. she indicates that she must take on masculine features. Her most celebrated address — located in Act I. Scene 5 — references this issue. Clearly. gender is out of its traditional order. This break of gender functions is besides presented through Lady Macbeth’s trespass of the dominate function in the Macbeth’s matrimony ; on many occasions. she regulations her hubby and dictates his actions. L. Reason Versus Passion During their arguments over which class of action to take. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth usage different persuasive schemes. Their differences can easy be seen as portion of a thematic survey of gender functions. However. in truth. the difference in ways Macbeth and Lady Macbeth apologize their actions is indispensable to understanding the elusive niceties of the drama as a whole. Macbeth is really rational. contemplating the effects and deductions of his actions. He recognizes the political. ethical. and spiritual ground why he should non perpetrate regicide. In add-on to endangering his hereafter. Macbeth notes that regicide is a misdemeanor of Duncan’s â€Å"double trust† that stems from Macbeth’s bonds as a kinsman and as a topic. On the other manus. Lady Macbeth has a more passionate manner of analyzing the pros and cons of killing Duncan. She is motivated by her feelings and uses emotional statements to carry her hubby to perpetrate the evil act. Features of Mac beth: Supernatural Elementss: Use of super-natural elements is a common feature of the Elizabethan play. to which Shakespeare’s dramas are no exclusion. Supernatural powers contribute to the destiny of the supporter. However. they are non entirely responsible for the ruin of the hero. it still lies in the deeds/actions of the hero. Normally. these actions are the result of the protagonist’s over-ambitious nature ( as in Macbeth where he wants to go the male monarch ) or the feeling of retaliation. Furthermore. they are non semblances in the head of the hero because they contribute to the action of the drama with their presence in more than one or two scenes. The effectual usage of enchantresss in Shakespeare’s dramas reflect the ancient societal beliefs in the evil powers who pattern evil rites to impact the cardinal character ( s ) . For case. in Macbeth. when Macbeth encounters the three enchantresss. he starts believing whatever they say without oppugning their bein g. This is what the ancient societal belief in the evil liquors reflected in Shakespeare’s calamity. Fate/Fortune As the tragic hero/heroine is of high estate and is a public figure. his/her downfall produces a contrast which affects non merely his/her personal life. but the destiny and public assistance of the full state or the imperium. It reflects the impotence of human existences and the omnipotence of destiny that a personal narrative of a provincial or a worker can non bring forth. The inauspicious effects of destiny on the imperium are apparent in Macbeth. when Duncan’s boies Malcolm and Macduff are be aftering to get the better of Macbeth and at the same clip seeking to back up the fall ining land. Macduff suggests that Malcolm take the throne. but Malcolm is non mature plenty to keep the falling imperium. Paradox of Life Shakespeare’s calamities reflect the paradox of life. in the sense that the catastrophe and agony experienced by the tragic hero are contrasted with the old felicity and glorification. This paradox is really clear in the drama Macbeth. Initially. Macbeth is portrayed as the most courageous and loyal soldier of the state and is rewarded by king Duncan for his courage and love for the state. However. Macbeth is non satisfied with whatever he gets and desires more. This desire or over-ambitious nature leads him to believe wickedly and move on it which is an utmost terminal of his existent personality. Decision Macbeth is a drama about the occultation of civility and manhood. the impermanent victory of immorality ; when it ends. virtuousness and justness are restored. † Shakespeare displays a singular perceptual experience of the human status by dramatising non merely the manner in which evil enters Macbeth’s universe. but besides the lay waste toing consequence it has on those who yield to enticement and wickedness. Shakespeare concludes the calamity on a hopeful note ; nevertheless. for as amazing and perversive as the immorality is that pervades Macbeth. it is merely impermanent. Ultimately. clip and order are restored through the actions of the guardians of goodness. Finally it can be state that Macbeth is Shakespeare’ great work. William Shakespeare’s great calamity â€Å"Macbeth† . which entreaty universal. Shakespeare’s calamity ever great. Macbeth was a great hero but his high aspiration makes him tragic character. Shakspere shows that manâ⠂¬â„¢s high aspirations the chief cause of failure. Appendix Biography of William Shakespeare William Shakespeare ( 26 April 1564 ( baptised ) – 23 April 1616 ) was an English poet and dramatist. widely regarded as the greatest author in the English linguistic communication and the world’s pre-eminent playwright. He is frequently called England’s national poet and the â€Å"Bard of Avon† . His extant plants. including some coactions. consist of about 38 dramas. 154 sonnets. two long narrative verse forms. two epitaphs on a adult male named John Combe. one epitaph on Elias James. and several other verse forms. His dramas have been translated into every major life linguistic communication and are performed more frequently than those of any other dramatist. Shakespeare was born and brought up in Stratford-upon-Avon. At the age of 18. he married Anne Hathaway. with whom he had three kids: Susanna. and twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585 and 1592. he began a successful calling in London as an histrion. author. and portion proprietor of a playing compa ny called the Lord Chamberlain’s Men. subsequently known as the King’s Men. He appears to hold retired to Stratford around 1613 at age 49. where he died three old ages subsequently. Few records of Shakespeare’s private life survive. and there has been considerable guess about such affairs as his physical visual aspect. gender. spiritual beliefs. and whether the plants attributed to him were written by others. Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613. His early dramas were chiefly comedies and histories. genres he raised to the extremum of edification and prowess by the terminal of the sixteenth century. He so wrote chiefly calamities until about 1608. including Hamlet. King Lear. Othello. and Macbeth. considered some of the finest plants in the English linguistic communication. In his last stage. he wrote tragicomedies. besides known as love affairs. and collaborated with other dramatists. Many of his dramas were published in editions of changing quality and truth during his life-time. In 1623. John Heminges and Henry Condell. two friends and fellow histrions of Shakespeare. published the First Folio. a gathered edition of his dramatic plants that included all but two of the dramas now recognised as Shakespeare’s. It was prefaced with a verse form by Ben Jonson. in which Shakespeare is hailed. cannily. as â€Å"not of an age. but for all clip. † Shak espeare was a well-thought-of poet and dramatist in his ain twenty-four hours. but his repute did non lift to its present highs until the nineteenth century. The Romantics. in peculiar. acclaimed Shakespeare’s mastermind. and the Victorians worshipped Shakespeare with a fear that George Bernard Shaw called â€Å"bardolatry† . In the twentieth century. his work was repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new motions in scholarship and public presentation. His dramas remain extremely popular today and are invariably studied. performed. and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the universe. Plants Cited: 1. Sen. Dr. S. Macbeth: A critical analysis ; FBC 2006.2. Hossain. Khurrom. Macbeth: Bengali Translation ; FBC 2006. 3. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. cliffsnotes. com/study_guide/literature/macbeth/william-shakespeare-biography. html 4. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. buzzle. com/articles/characteristics-of-a-shakespearean-tragedy. html 5. hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Macbeth # Commentary 6. hypertext transfer protocol: //www. cliffsnotes. com/study_guide/literature/macbeth/william-shakespeare-biography. hypertext markup language 7.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Yanomamo Tribe Essays - Yanomami, Hei T Bebi, Hedu K Misi, War

Yanomamo Tribe Essays - Yanomami, Hei T Bebi, Hedu K Misi, War Yanomamo Tribe The Yanomamo My name is Eric Dunning and this is my proposal to go and study the Yanomamo tribe in the rain forests of Brazil. I have compiled a historical outline of the Yanomamo tribe and some of their religion and culture, ranging from marital status to the type of food they eat. I have chosen this tribe because according to many anthropologists the Yanomamo are perhaps the last culture to have come in contact with the modern world. The Yanomamo people of Central Brazil are one of the oldest examples of the classic pre-Columbian forest footmen. The Yanomamo live in almost complete seclusion in the Amazon rain forests of South America. The Yanomamo live in small bands or tribes and live in round communal huts called shabonos, which are actually made up of individual living quarters. The Yanomamo language consists of a variety of dialect, but no real written language. Clothes are minimal, and much of their daily life revolves around gardening, hunting, gathering, making crafts and visiting with one another. These small tribes hold their men in high ranks. Chiefs are always men who are held responsible for the general knowledge and safety of the group's women. The men are able to beat their wives if they feel the need to and are able to marry more than one woman at a time. This loose form of polygamy is a way of increasing the population of the tribe. Yanomamo people rely heavily on a system of political alliances based upon relationship. As part of that system, they have incorporated a complex feasting and trading system into their culture. One of these methods of forming political alliances is feasting. Feasting is when one village invites another village for a feast or dinner. During the feast there is a lot of social activity. The Yanomamo dance and mingle with each other along with eating a different variety of foods. The only catch is the other village must reciprocate a feast by one village. This feast is more like an American dinner party in which members of family or social group invite others to attend. A feast however can be dangerous and or fatal for those who attend. The Yanomamo can be very conniving and deceiving. They pretend to be loyal friends and invite the other village for a feast. The other very village very trustfully attends the feast not knowing that this might be their last meal. After the feast when the guests are helplessly resting in their hammocks they are attack ed and brutally beaten to death. The Yanomamo live in a constant state of warfare with other tribes and even within their own groups. Marriages are often arranged according to performances of one's relatives in battles. Ideal marriages are thought to consist of cross cousin marriages and the males of the family and the religious leaders of the tribe perform all marriages. In addition to their strong kinship ties, political alliances and thirst for revenge, the Yanomamo have a detailed religion, based on the use of hallucinogenic drugs and the telling of mythical tales. The religious beliefs of the Yanomamo are quite complex. According to Yanomamo wise men, there are four levels of reality. Through them, the Yanomamo believe that things tend to fall or descend downward to a lower layer is demonstrated. The uppermost layer of the four is thought to be pristine and tender. It is called duku ka misi and the Yanomamo believe that many things originated in this area. This layer does not play much of a role in the everyday life of the Yanomamo. It is considered to be just there, once having some vague function. The next layer down is called hedu ka misi and is known as the sky layer. The top surface is supposedly invisible, but is believed to be similar to earth. It has trees, gardens, villages, animals, plants and most importantly, the souls of the deceased. These souls are said to be similar to mortals because they garden, eat and sleep. Everything that exists on earth is said to have a counterpart on this level. The bottom surface of the layer is said to be what the Yanomamo on earth actually see:

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Silk Production and Trade in Medieval Times

Silk Production and Trade in Medieval Times Silk was the most luxurious fabric available to medieval Europeans, and it was so costly that only the upper classes- and the Church- could attain it. While its beauty made it a highly-prized status symbol, silk has practical aspects that made it much sought-after (then and now): its lightweight yet strong, resists soil, has excellent dyeing properties and is cool and comfortable in warmer weather. The Lucrative Secret of Silk For millennia, the secret of how silk was made was jealously guarded by the Chinese. Silk was an important part of Chinas economy; entire villages would engage in the production of silk, or sericulture, and they could live off the profits of their labors for much of the year. Some of the luxurious fabric they produced would find its way along the Silk Road to Europe, where only the wealthiest could afford it. Eventually, the secret of silk leaked out of China. By the second century C.E., silk was being produced in India, and a few centuries later, in Japan. By the fifth century, silk production had found its way to the middle east. Still, it remained a mystery in the west, where artisans learned to dye it and weave it, but still didnt know how to make it. By the sixth century, the demand for silk was so strong in the Byzantine Empire that the emperor, Justinian, decided they should be privy to the secret, as well. According to Procopius, Justinian questioned a pair of monks from India who claimed to know the secret of sericulture. They promised the emperor they could acquire silk for him without having to procure it from the Persians, with whom the Byzantines were at war. When pressed, they, at last, shared the secret of how silk was made: worms spun it.1 Moreover, these worms fed primarily on the leaves of the mulberry tree. The worms themselves could not be transported away from India . . . but their eggs could be. As unlikely as the monks explanation may have sounded, Justinian was willing to take a chance. He sponsored them on a return trip to India with the objective of bringing back silkworm eggs. This they did by hiding the eggs in the hollow centers of their bamboo canes. The silkworms born from these eggs were the progenitors of all the silkworms used to produce silk in the west for the next 1,300 years. Medieval European Silk Producers Thanks to Justinians wily monk friends, Byzantines were the first to establish a silk production industry in the medieval west, and they maintained a monopoly on it for several hundred years. They set up silk factories, which were known as gynaecea because the workers were all women. Like serfs, silk workers were bound to these factories by law and could not leave to work or live elsewhere without the permission of the owners. Western Europeans imported silks from Byzantium, but they continued to import them from India and the Far East, as well. Wherever it came from, the fabric was so costly that its use was reserved for the church ceremony and cathedral decorations. The Byzantine monopoly was broken when Muslims, who had conquered Persia and acquired the secret of silk, brought the knowledge to Sicily and Spain; from there, it spread to Italy. In these European regions, workshops were established by local rulers, who retained control over the lucrative industry. Like the gynaecea, they employed mainly women who were bound to the workshops. By the 13th century, European silk was competing successfully with Byzantine products. For most of the Middle Ages, silk production spread no further in Europe, until a few factories were set up in France in the 15th century. Note 1The silkworm isnt really a worm but the pupa of the Bombyx mori moth. Sources Netherton, Robin, and Gale R. Owen-Crocker, Medieval Clothing and Textiles. Boydell Press, 2007, 221 pp. Compare prices Jenkins, D.T., editor, The Cambridge History of Western Textiles , vols. I and II. Cambridge University Press, 2003, 1191 pp. Compare prices Piponnier, Francoise, and Perrine Mane, Dress in the Middle Ages. Yale University Press, 1997, 167 pp. Compare Prices Burns, E. Jane, Sea of silk: a textile geography of womens work in medieval French literature. University of Pennsylvania Press. 2009, 272 pp. Compare Prices Amt, Emilie, Womens lives in medieval Europe: a sourcebook. Routledge, 1992, 360 pp. Compare prices Wigelsworth, Jeffrey R., Science and technology in medieval European life. Greenwood Press, 2006, 200 pp. Compare prices

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Free writing journal Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Free writing journal - Essay Example He was rich. He had a great a education. From the description of the speaker, we can assume that Richard Cory was also a very popular man who knew how to fairly treat people. Richard Cory was our dream. The characteristics that were presented in the poem indicates that there is much more than what we see from people we encounter everyday. We may not know it but our tough boss or our friendly traffic cop could have had a very bad childhood experience that tainted their view of the world as they were growing up. We would only see the outward appearance of the person and what they would like to portray. This shows that we all have masks, just like Richard Cory. That is why everyone was surprised when he committed suicide. We have different experiences, expectations and perspectives about our lives. But what is common between each one of us is the need for us to keep some things private. We choose what who we are in the eyes of other people. That is exactly the reason we should not judge anyone. And we should not assume that someone is happy or sad just because of what they are showing you. It’s just sad that we make the same mistake over and over. We never learn. Barbie Doll by Marge Piercy is about a girl who struggled to meet the social expectations of beauty. She was so obsessed with the idea of being beautiful that she was willing to sacrifice her own life just to achieve it. We are born with our natural beauty. But as we grow older, we are faced with the different expectations of beauty. Some societies see beauty as fair or white skin, high cheekbones and pointed nose. A slim figure is also another expectation of beauty. When you are heavy or fat or dark skinned or with thick curly hair, you are not a part of the beautiful circle in the society. Since we come from different societies, we have different expectations. It is a sad thing, though, to find a society that puts great bearing on the physical appearance of girls.